Environmental issues are a topic that has been and will be discussed by humanity for a long time. How can it not? With the dawn of technology, more problems arise on the horizon, and many of those problems are environmental problems. Technology, while it came bringing ease of access and efficiency, also brought with it problems for the environment. This article here will talk about those problems that technology bring.
For today’s topic, air pollution will be the major discussion. For those of you who are curious about air pollution and for people who are environmentally conscious, this article might be a good read for you. Causes, incidents, and the effects of air pollution will be the talk of today’s article, so stay tuned if you want to know more about them.
First, you should the root of all pollutions
A hundred years back, steam engines and diesel engines were less common. People still used hand power for things. The industry world was not as big as of now back then, and machines were rarely used to do jobs. Because of that, air pollution was not a big problem back then. People were still breathing fresh air, none of their lungs was dirty or sick because of the irritating things in the air, and breathing problems were less common. All in all, people back had healthy lungs. Sure they got other problems like dysentery, malaria, polio, bubonic plague, and other diseases, but their lungs are mostly healthy.
Around the 18th century, however, the industrial revolution kicked in England. Steam machinery started to take over, replacing the long-inefficient handyworks. With the dawn of the industrial revolution, pollution started to show itself. The smoke produced by the industrial chimneys caused air pollution, and the chemical waste produced by the industry caused water pollution. Not long after that, pollutions were basically everywhere, turning the once green earth to brown.
What is the point of that history lesson? The point is pretty simple: the industrial revolution caused all sorts of pollutions. While the upgrades after said revolution worsened it, too, today’s pollutions mainly caused by those blokes who kickstarted the industrial revolution.
The second part will talk about the case of air pollution
Air pollution is a pretty simple thing to digest. It is a pollution that affects the air. It is a pollution that will be harmful to your lungs and it can outright burn your lung if you are not careful around it. To be precise, though, air pollution is mainly caused by carbon dioxide, a substance that ironically comes from us, industrial waste, vehicular waste, and many other wastes out there.
But carbon dioxide is not the only thing that can cause the air to be polluted. Your air conditioner and your hairspray can also cause such a thing. Within those two objects is something called freon, and freon is infamous for its capability of ruining the atmosphere. Because the atmosphere is in the air, it makes sense to make freon pollution an onset of air pollution, right?
So what you do to bring it to a halt?
There is nothing you can do to fully stop air pollution to its core because even the carbon dioxide in our body can cause it. You can reduce it by only tuning the air conditioner when you really need it, though. Reduce hairspray usage and if you are an owner of a company, make some upgrades to your machinery. These days, a whole lot of the machines are safe for the environment. Go upgrade to the environmentally safe machines and you will have done your part in reducing air pollution.
This climate change that has occurred and is continuing is a reality that must be faced by our earth. WWF research shows that 33 percent of habitats on the entire surface of the Earth are threatened. Even some plants and animal species have faced extinction. Polar bears, for example, are one of the threatened species if the surface of the Arctic ocean ice continues to thaw drastically. Natural disasters such as floods, storms and drought are increasingly common. In the summer of 2002/2003, Australia experienced the worst drought ever experienced. This followed by the worst forest fires in a century.
The 2002 Semester III report from The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that “there is new and strong evidence from observations over the past fifty years that global warming is caused by human activity.” This report predicts an increase in global temperatures between 1.4 to 5.8 degrees Celsius in this century. Depending on the amount of fossil fuels we burn and the sensitivity of the climate system.
WWF, along with other environmental organizations and dadu online community, called for an initial approach to this threat. This action will limit the rise in global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius so as not to penetrate above pre-industrial levels in order to prevent more severe damage. An increase of more than 1 degree Celsius seems to have happened in our climate system. So efforts to maintain the threshold of a 2 degrees increase must be made immediately.
Climate change is a change in temperature, rainfall, wind patterns and various other effects drastically. The United Nations (UN) defines climate change as a symptom caused either directly or indirectly by human activity. This also alters the composition of the global atmosphere and natural climate variability over comparable period of time. The composition of the global atmosphere in question is the composition of the earth’s atmospheric material in the form of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) which, among others, consists of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen, and so on.
Climate change can be measured statistically through the International Panel on Climate Change. One of the frequent changes in climate is natural disasters related to the increase in earth’s temperature. One of the dangerous impacts now faced is the Greenhouse Gas effect. Green House Gases are gases in the atmosphere that have the function of capturing solar energy. So that it does not completely return to the atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases function to keep the earth’s temperature stable.
However, when the concentration of greenhouse gases increases, the atmosphere becomes thicker. This thickening of the atmospheric layer eventually causes the amount of geothermal trapped in the earth’s atmosphere to increase, resulting in an increase in global temperature or global warming.
Conversation International explains that nature is the best solution in dealing with climate change. Tropical forests are very effective for storing carbon and preventing the worst climate change scenarios. Unfortunately, nature-based solutions still only receive 2 percent of all climate funding. Conservation International also advises more than 20 countries to help forge the Paris Agreement. The first climate pact of its kind that recognizes the key role that nature must play in every climate change solution.
Cryosphere is a frozen zone on planet Earth. Examples of the cryosphere such as ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, icebergs in the ocean, glaciers in the mountains (like one in Puncak Jaya in Indonesia), snow, ice in lakes and oceans at the poles, and frozen land in the Northernmost part the Arctic region are known as permafrost. The cryosphere zone is increasingly shrinking. The thickness of the snow is wearing off, the glaciers are thawing and the frozen areas, everywhere on earth, are also being defrosted by the increased temperature.
This IPCC report shows that there is an acceleration of melting, with potential hazard to humans. Marine ecosystems and high mountains because the role of the cryosphere is crucial to the Earth’s ecosystem. Earth is vulnerable to losing in excess of 50 percent of the frozen land area when the 22nd begins. Permafrost is able to store carbon in the atmosphere almost twice as much.
The North Pole
The sea of ice decreases rapidly in the North Pole. The North Pole without ice will be a common sight in summer. The Eskimos living in the North Pole region have also begun to adapt by changing the way those people look for food, travel; even several sea line tribes have thought about relocation plans. The number of fauna populations that depend on ice are likely to decrease dramatically if there is no more ice.
Moreover, the reduced amount of water will also accelerate global warming, because clear water will more effectively reflect solar thermal. Over and above 4/5 of small glaciers will disappear when 21st century finally reaches its end in case the current conditions remain. It will impact the Earth’s population whose water source, agriculture, and energy, rely upon glaciers.
Nearly three-quarters of the earth’s surface is covered by oceans, and another 10 percent is covered by ice sheets and glaciers. If all the ice has melted, the sea level will also increase. Sea levels, globally, are now doubling faster, and continuing to increase rapidly. Through researches, researchers from various countries try to do a further research on how the icecap and the surface of the sea ‘mingle’ in the Antarctic and Greenland. Sea level is expected to rise as high as 110 cm by 2100.
Earth Climate Engine
The intensity of precipitation, hurricane, and typhoon which are controlled by the earth’s climate engine. It will contribute to raising water up to a few centimeters from normal levels. Extreme storms will occur every year starting in around 2150. Aside from funding to reduce emissions, the earth’s population must also take into account funding for the protection of beaches and ramps from tidal waves, flooding and also the possibility of future casualties. There are about 45 million Indonesians who are vulnerable because they live on the coast with heights below 10 meters.
Is this IPCC Report a mere fantasy made up by paranoid scientists? I don’t think so. This is a wake-up call or Alarm for mankind. It is time for concrete and synergic actions from individuals, industry, the private sector, the media and the government to be taken as soon as possible.
Environmental issues that occur in Indonesia are no less important than the issue of infrastructure development in Indonesia. In the midst of the haze crisis, environmental issues really need more attention from Jokowi as an Indonesia’s president. Indonesian people also hope that forest fires are not an “annual tradition” of Indonesia. Jokowi’s government has seemed to ignore the night sky in Sumatra which turned red due to forest fires that occurred in the area.
Jokowi’s government also seemed to ignore the haze that occurred in Kalimantan. And while it spreads to neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. The environmental crisis that occurred in Indonesia needs more attention from Jokowi. Cases of forest fires, drought, etc. that have occurred in various regions in Indonesia. This cannot be resolved only by hoping for direct assistance from God. These things need concrete action carried out directly by the Indonesian government.
The phenomenon of the red sky in Sumatra has shown a scale of indicators on how urgent and dangerous the case of forest fires that occurred there. Even during the day, the road was covered by haze from the forest fires. Coupled with the increase in lung and respiratory disease has become more than enough indicators.
Jokowi’s government has been focusing more on the development of the country’s infrastructure issues that aim to improve the Indonesian economy. However, this is not a reason for the Indonesian government to forget the issues that occur in Indonesia apart from political-economic issues.
As the government, Jokowi ideally should not only focus on one sector of development and forget about other sectors which are also important. Especially those that affect the safety of the Indonesian people themselves. If indeed economic development and infrastructure are very significant for Jokowi.
The environmental sector and the community’s response are not an appropriate trade-off for Indonesia. The fact that Malaysia and Singapore are not reluctant to weaken their country’s relations with Indonesia. This is a slap hard enough for the Jokowi government to start paying more attention to environmental problems that occur in Indonesia.
The impact caused by forest fires in Indonesia has had a major impact on Southeast Asian countries. Especially neighboring countries such as Singapore and Malaysia. Not only cover the areas of Sumatra and Kalimantan. However this haze generated from forest fires that occurred in the two regions also covered other countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, and other Southeast Asian countries.
Warning status in the area or even in neighboring countries had reached up to very unhealthy status. The Air Quality Index (AQI) in Malaysia was able to detect that the danger level from the smog that spread reached 256 levels. This is the highest level experienced by Malaysia in the case of forest fires that occurred in recent times. The average MMR experienced by neighboring countries reached 154-160 levels. This level has been stated in the unhealthy category.
The Indonesian people hope that this “annual tradition” of forest fires can be resolved soon. The community from Idnplay poker also demands the government to give severe penalties to the perpetrators of forest fires that occurred in Indonesia. And be more pro-active in dealing with environmental problems in Indonesia.
If you live in Jakarta, or most big cities in Java, your morning will be opened with the sound of horns and traffic jams on every road, as if everyone wants to move fast. At night, after going through a similar situation, you intend to relax on the porch of the house, drinking tea while looking at the stars. However, there was only light pollution. Exposure to hazardous pollutants such as gas emissions and road dust particles is a consequence for the community for the high number of motorized vehicles in urban areas.
To reduce the health effects caused by air pollution, Jakarta residents are advised to use respirators and masks. In large cities full of pollutants, the use of respirators and masks should ideally become a habit for daily protection.
Pollution in Jakarta
Jakarta is also a city that has a high level of light pollution. Sky glow or light emitted from lighting in cities will form a dome in the atmosphere. The dome covers the sky at night, making stars difficult to see. Fans of bola 88, Astronomy, reproduction and migration of animals can be disrupted due to this condition. In humans, light pollution results in sleep disturbance. Disruption of sleep patterns will result in decreased endurance. More complex triggers heart problems, blood system, diabetes, and obesity.
Jakarta residents are indeed familiar with air pollution. But Jakarta is not the only one who is unlucky. Some areas outside of Java, such as Pekanbaru City, Dumai City, and a number of provinces in the island of Borneo are also overshadowed by the threat of forest and land fires that cause haze that damage air quality. Air pollution is a serious problem in several countries, including Indonesia. In mid-2019, the issue of poor air quality in the country is becoming increasingly serious.
Everyone certainly agrees that air pollution is not a good condition for health. Exposure to dirty air can cause serious effects to chronic diseases in humans. WHO has even determined that air pollution contains carcinogens or cancer-causing substance. Poor air condition also contributed to 4.2 million premature deaths in the world in 2016. However, who would have thought that air pollution would not only attack humans physically but also mentally. Last September, the Environmental Health Perspective published a study showing the effects of air pollution on children’s mental states.
These mental disorders refer to dangerous actions taken by children and adolescents such as hysteria and suicide. This shows that air pollution has serious short-term effects. These mental disorders refer to dangerous actions taken by children and adolescents such as hysteria and suicidal tendency. This shows that air pollution has serious short-term effects.
Air pollution caused by construction and traffic is the main cause in this case. Research data shows that 12-year-old children exposed to intense air pollution can experience major depression at the age of 18 years. This case is compounded by socioeconomic conditions. The study found that children who live in areas with minimal resources will get more intense effects of air pollution than children who live in affluent environments. The researchers speculate that exposure to air pollution is driving changes in neurochemistry. This change causes anxiety disorders in children.
The decision of United States President Donald Trump to break out of the commitment of the Paris Agreement, which seeks to protect the environment and global temperatures through responsible industry, has come under fire from various groups, including scientists in the United States. Trump said, the historic global commitment in combating climate change do not prosper his people.
Trump’s decision was not unexpected. He has promised it during the campaign and now only realizes his words. Long before the announcement of the decision on Thursday, June 1, 2017, Trump – who once said that climate change was a “hoax”, had taken a series of actions to reverse the policies on climate change outlined by his predecessor, former president Barack Obama.
Countries in Africa and Asia, including Indonesia, could be threatened due to global warming. The effect of global warming can have an impact on the sinking of small islands. Not to mention the case of arson or forest fire. Climate change disrupts health and other sectors of people’s lives, both domestically and globally.
That’s why the war on global warming must be done collectively. Various efforts such as policies to prevent deforestation continue to be carried out by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in collaboration with indigenous and tribal peoples, non-governmental organizations, and various international institutions to reduce the impact of climate change.
This climate change has a direct impact on air cleanliness, drinking water, access to clean water, food sufficiency, and a safe environment from disasters. Global warming is believed to change the way of human life in the coming decades. Climate change due to global warming will make the weather uncertain and it certainly has a serious impact on global agriculture. Farmers can no longer work on land based on the season because of the unpredictable climate.
Food stock will be chaotic and hunger is very likely to occur. From an economic perspective, the costs of maintaining health related to the environment will certainly swell. Countries will bear the burden of global health spending due to climate change diseases of 2-4 billion dollars per year until 2030.
Global warming and climate change are not always bad, indeed. It is true that in some places, winters are shorter, and in some areas, food production is increasing. But the adverse health effects of climate change cannot be ignored. The hot air that has invaded Africa and Europe over the past decade is the most gruesome proof of global warming. In 2003, 70,000 deaths from heat waves were recorded in Europe.
High temperatures increase the level of ozone and other pollutants in the air. The impact is felt by those who have respiratory illnesses. Those who are healthy have the potential to become new patients if there is no action. Hot temperatures will trigger asthma, which is currently owned by more than 300 million people in the world.
There are mainly two factors of environmental damage. First, it is caused by the human including the deforestation, hunting, and more. Second, natural damage can also be caused by nature. It is considered that there is no intervention from the human and https://agenpoker899.com/ there although in some cases, there are indeed some actions of the human that indirectly cause the damage.
Anyway, what are the examples of environmental damage that is simply caused by nature? Here they are along with the explanations.
The volcanic eruption refers to the release of magma deposits as the results of the high-pressure gas pushing. The results of the eruption are lava, mudflow, volcanic gas, ash, and hot clouds.
There are some forms of environmental damage caused by the volcanic eruption. First, the solid materials thrown like the rocks, gravel, and sand are able to damage and bury the land, forest, plantation, and water sources.
Second, the ashes cause the respiratory and insight problems. This way, the human’s productivity tends to be hampered. Third, the mudflow tends to damage the area it passes including the forest and residences. Lastly, the poisonous gas threatens the human, animals, and plants around.
Earthquake is a natural disaster as the further impact of the volcano impact or it caused by other factors like the shifting of the earth’s plate, known as the tectonic earthquake.
Some of the natural damaged caused by this disaster are the building collapses, the changes of land structure, the loss or the shifting of the clean water source, air pollution, and still many more.
Flood and Landslide
Flood is a phenomenon where the land is excessively submerged by water. In many cases, the flood is then followed by the landslide. Landslide itself is defined as the shifting or the movement of the rocks and the big areas of the land.
Sure, both disasters give further impacts including for the environment. They damage the building and any other types of the infrastructure. Meanwhile, the flood and landslide tend to contaminate the clean water and kill the plants and animals.
The storm has many types. But whatever the type, as long as the scale is big, this disaster tends to bring the natural damage. Due to the difference of the air pressure, some environmental damages can just simply happen.
Some of them are the collapses of the building and trees, the damages of the farming and plantation, and the damages of the ecosystem in both land and water.
The number of trees on this earth is getting fewer for human necessities. This phenomenon is known also as the deforestation, the opposite of reforestation. There are surely so many side effects caused by the deforestations starting from the air pollution to the extinction of some animal species.
Sure, it is still not late to bring back the trees as well as to make the forests as green as in the past. One of them is through reforestation. So, what is reforestation and how to do it? Here is the explanation.
The Definition of Reforestation
Reforestation is an action of bringing back the forest that has been deforested before. As an example, there is a forest area that has lost many trees. Then, people who likes green may start to grow some new trees as well as keep the old ones so that they can be green just like in the past.
Sure, the reforestation process must also consider some matters including the functions of the forest itself. As you may know, the forest should also function as the providers of the clean air, soil, and water as well as the protectors for the animals.
The Benefits of Reforestation
In general, the reforestation is done to bring back the balance of nature. The groups of trees are able to keep the balance of the water system underground. At the same time, it avoids some problems and disasters like the flood and landslide.
Seeing from the climatology wise, the reforestation is also important to reduce and even stop the pollution and global warming. The pollution and global warming are mainly caused by high levels of carbon dioxide. This way, the amount of oxygen tends to be reduced. Meanwhile, the trees are the materials that naturally produce the oxygen.
Sure, despite some benefits above, the presence of trees and forest also make the environment look more beautiful and refreshing. People themselves are suggested to see the green from leaves and trees to make their mind more relaxed.
The Barriers to Reforestation
Unfortunately, the intention to reforest the earth is often blocked by some barriers. Well, even the main barrier is the human’s unconsciousness regarding how important the forest is.
It is not exaggerating anyway that the integration of all parties is important to bring back the green forest and keep it that way later. Despite it needs the regulation from the government, supports from all realms of the society are needed for the action of reforestation.
Currently, WHO reports that around 90% of people on the earth breathe in the air with high levels of pollutants? This health organization of the United Nations even warns that air pollution can gradually cause problems including stroke and lung cancer and at the end, they end up with the death.
The air pollution itself is a condition where the air is polluted by the dangerous chemical or biological substances and particles. The pollution tends to give negative effects not only for human but also the environment. Sadly, this condition is also commonly caused by the human itself starting from the fuel, industry, power plant, and more.
Although this pollution can be said as something common in our daily life like playing online at situs judi online, it doesn’t mean that we cannot do anything. There are still many chances to reduce or even stop it before air pollution is getting worse. What are they?
Rearrange the Regulation
Sure, this effort must be done by the government along with the full support from the society. If it is possible, there must be severe punishment for them who don’t obey the regulation.
Reduce the Fossil Fuels Utilization
The fossil fuels utilization must be reduced for two main reasons. First, those are included in the category of non-renewable resources. Only a few decades later, those fossils are possibly extinct. Second, the fuels have a high contribution in polluting the environment including the air.
Process the Residue before Disposing of Them
The problem is that the residue from the fuels and industries is not processed well before they are disposing to the air and ocean. That’s why; it is important for the businessman and entrepreneur to develop a new technology that is able to process the residue of the industry into more environmentally friendly materials.
Preserve the Forest
Forests all around the world play many important roles to reduce air pollution. Unfortunately, many hectares of the forests on the earth have been deforested whether for human residences or they are just simply burnt. For this fact, people must start to do the forestation and simply plant the trees around.
Throw garbage in its place
It sounds easy but people may not do it. Well, reducing the air pollution can be started from something simple like throwing garbage in its place. Some types of garbage, like the plastic, contain the chemical substances that somehow damage the soil if they are just spreading around. Gradually, the garbage on the soil can pollute the air also.
Deforestation is one of the many environmental issues the world is facing. You might not know it, but deforestation has its own bad effects. Sure it got a positive effect, but the positive effects often benefit only a single individual or a single company. The bad effects are far-reaching and will affect lots of living beings in the world. What are the bad effects of deforestation?
The lost of an animal’s natural habitat
A forest is a place where animals live. Lots of them see the forest as their sanctuary, a place they can call home. The forest is where the animals sleep, hunt, mate, and do other animal things. There is no worse way of robbing animals of their homes than deforestation.
Now you might think that they are just animals. Humans should not be too bothered by animals losing their house, right?, just like when human lose their house from playing more than they can afford at situs judi poker. If you think that way, then I suggest you start reading about how the presence of animals is important for humanity; if you do not have the heart to see animals as a living being, at least see them as something that can be useful for you.
It can lead to an extinction of a species
If you cut a tree in a forest, the animals would not be too bothered by it. Cut a whole lot of trees from the forest, however, and the animals will start to get suspicious. Cut the WHOLE forest down and you are just inviting the animals to strike at you. When animals strike, the only choice is to strike back. Sure it would not be too problematic if the animals that strike you are animals that multiply like crazy (rats, mosquitoes), but what if the animal that strikes is an animal on the border of extinction? Deforestation can lead to a possible war with the animals, and a war with the animals can lead to an extinction of a species. Even if they are not extinct, there will be a significant reduction in their numbers, which is a bad thing, too.
Lastly, it entices greed
This is a pretty indirect thing, but deforestation can entice greed in the human’s mind. Take for example you are a budding cattle rancher who just earned his first million by deforestation and turning the ex-forest into a ranch. Because of that, you want to keep deforesting, lying to yourself that one more forest would not hurt. Sooner or later, your compassion will be eroded by greed. That is, obviously, something that you should not get if you want the world to change for the better.
Some of you do not know this, but climate change has been one of the most talked of from the many environmental issues the world is facing. What is climate change? Why and what makes it so dangerous? What can cause climate to change? Is climate something that is easily changeable? If those questions are the questions that you have been asking, then this article will be the right read for you.
Climate change: a brief description
Say that you are an Indonesian lounging around Jakarta, other big cities, or the countryside. When you are doing your stuff, there is a sudden snowfall. While doubtless Indonesians will love snow if they are given the opportunity to see it, they will not be ready for a long-term snowfall. The reason for this is because Indonesians are not wont to see snow. Their bodies have adapted to the tropical climate, having tasted the heat and the rain for more than a millennia. Introduce snow and guess what will happen? Many Indonesians will fall because they are not used to snow. They will not know the way to handle snow, more so if there is a blizzard or an icy hale. Heck, even Indonesians are afraid of a phenomenon called an ‘ice rain’ when it came(it is basically just another rain. Instead of water, however, the sky will rain small ice pieces).
Still in the same case, what if you introduce heat haze to the people at the North Pole? Not only that the people will vanish because of the climate change, the faunas and the floras (not that the North Pole got lots of floras to begin with) will also disappear with them. This is certainly a bad thing to have, no?
What can cause climate change?
There are a whole lot of causes for climate change, but the cause with the most effect is the greenhouse gasses. A greenhouse gasses itself is a phenomenon that is somewhat hard to explain. The only thing that can be said about greenhouse gasses is that they are caused by industries who have not complied with the latest wide-affecting industrial policies and people who still use old vehicles. The latest vehicles might be outfitted with an environmental-preserving kit in them, but the same cannot be said about the old vehicles. You know the vehicles that spout black smoke from their exhaust? That is the definite cause of climate change.
How can you help with climate change?
There are lots of things that can help with climate change, but most of them are usually not easy to do because they require a lot of money. You, as an individual, can opt out of buying your own personal vehicle and go with a public transportation. While it is a tiny step, it still a step nonetheless.