Environmental issues are a topic that has been and will be discussed by humanity for a long time. How can it not? With the dawn of technology, more problems arise on the horizon, and many of those problems are environmental problems. Technology, while it came bringing ease of access and efficiency, also brought with it problems for the environment. This article here will talk about those problems that technology bring.
For today’s topic, air pollution will be the major discussion. For those of you who are curious about air pollution and for people who are environmentally conscious, this article might be a good read for you. Causes, incidents, and the effects of air pollution will be the talk of today’s article, so stay tuned if you want to know more about them.
First, you should the root of all pollutions
A hundred years back, steam engines and diesel engines were less common. People still used hand power for things. The industry world was not as big as of now back then, and machines were rarely used to do jobs. Because of that, air pollution was not a big problem back then. People were still breathing fresh air, none of their lungs was dirty or sick because of the irritating things in the air, and breathing problems were less common. All in all, people back had healthy lungs. Sure they got other problems like dysentery, malaria, polio, bubonic plague, and other diseases, but their lungs are mostly healthy.
Around the 18th century, however, the industrial revolution kicked in England. Steam machinery started to take over, replacing the long-inefficient handyworks. With the dawn of the industrial revolution, pollution started to show itself. The smoke produced by the industrial chimneys caused air pollution, and the chemical waste produced by the industry caused water pollution. Not long after that, pollutions were basically everywhere, turning the once green earth to brown.
What is the point of that history lesson? The point is pretty simple: the industrial revolution caused all sorts of pollutions. While the upgrades after said revolution worsened it, too, today’s pollutions mainly caused by those blokes who kickstarted the industrial revolution.
The second part will talk about the case of air pollution
Air pollution is a pretty simple thing to digest. It is a pollution that affects the air. It is a pollution that will be harmful to your lungs and it can outright burn your lung if you are not careful around it. To be precise, though, air pollution is mainly caused by carbon dioxide, a substance that ironically comes from us, industrial waste, vehicular waste, and many other wastes out there.
But carbon dioxide is not the only thing that can cause the air to be polluted. Your air conditioner and your hairspray can also cause such a thing. Within those two objects is something called freon, and freon is infamous for its capability of ruining the atmosphere. Because the atmosphere is in the air, it makes sense to make freon pollution an onset of air pollution, right?
So what you do to bring it to a halt?
There is nothing you can do to fully stop air pollution to its core because even the carbon dioxide in our body can cause it. You can reduce it by only tuning the air conditioner when you really need it, though. Reduce hairspray usage and if you are an owner of a company, make some upgrades to your machinery. These days, a whole lot of the machines are safe for the environment. Go upgrade to the environmentally safe machines and you will have done your part in reducing air pollution.
Lower levels of the ozone can cause ozone depletion. When it happens, the surface of the Earth won’t have enough immunity from the sun’s rays as well as UVB radiation exposure. Some researchers proved that the amount of UVB in the Antarctic calculated from the outside can enlarge during the yearly hole of ozone.
The Effects on Health of Humans
The increasing of the quantity of UVB is due to the ozone layer depletion that gets to the surface of the Earth. The studies of epidemiological and laboratory showed the impacts of UVB. The bad effects to humans’ health are such as non-melanoma skin cancer and the development of malignant melanoma. Besides the effect to the skin, UVB can affect to the lens of the eyes that causes cataracts.
Since the UVB found in sunlight, it is a must to protect your eyes and skin when you are outside even though the levels of stratospheric is normal. Apply sunscreen every time you do your activities outside or do sport activities.
The Effects on Biogeochemical Cycles
Next, the ozone layer depletion can affect the cycles of aquatic and terrestrial biogeochemical that changing the crucial gases (ozone, carbon dioxide, carbonyl sulfide, and carbon monoxide) as well as the greenhouse’s root and basin.
The Effects on Sea Ecosystems
The foundation of food webs in the sea is because of the phytoplankton. The productivity of this creature is tight to the zone of euphotic. This zone is the water column’s higher coating where there is enough sunbeam. The net productivity will increase because of that sunbeam.
The motility and orientation in phytoplankton affected by the disclosure to the radiation of solar UVB. The result is the decreasing organisms’ survival rates. A lot of researchers showed that the production of phytoplankton decreased because of the ozone depletion.
Talking about the sea animals include crab, fish, amphibians, and shrimp, the UVB radiation can bring harmful to their beginning developmental phases. There are two most serious impacts: the damage larval growth and degraded reproductive size.
The Effects on Plants
The processes to make plants grow can be affected by the UVB radiation either developmentally or physiologically. The rising levels of UVB can be from the mechanisms to repair or reduce as well as the capability to adjust. Even so, the UVB radiation can straightly affect the growth of the plant.
The UVB effect related to indirect changes usually more crucial than UVB harmful effects. The examples of indirect changes include the distribution of nutrients inside the plant, the change form of the plant, secondary metabolism, and the timing phases of development. The cycles of biogeochemical cycles, herbivory, competitive stability of plant, and herbivory can be affected significantly because of these changes.
Increasing the population and market demand for a product makes deforestation more intense lately. The term deforestation is a process of cutting down trees that are intended to create space that is beneficial to humans. For example, agricultural land, industrial areas, residential areas, and so on.
Decreasing the World Wildlife Fund, forests used to cover up to 30% of the land surface. The forest area can be an area that provides people with jobs, such as collecting wood, looking for fruit and vegetables, hunting for animals, and so on. Forests are also a home for many animals, so deforestation can make many animals lose their homes.
The Reason Why Human Destroy Forest
There are many reasons why humans deforest. According to The World Bank, estimates of reducing the number of forests have been rampant since the early 20th century and there have been around 3.9 million square miles of forest destroyed. Areas of large-scale deforestation occur all over the world that have forests. So it’s not just tropical countries that do deforestation.
Humans destroy forests in order to make agriculture. Whereas forests usually have 80% diversity of flora and fauna, including microbes. Another goal of deforestation is the expansion of urban areas which the government hopes to reduce population density. Deforestation can also occur as a result of human desire to develop industrial areas whose territory must be far from residential areas.
Bad Effects of Deforestation
There are several bad effects of deforestation that you must understand. Not only in the form of fewer trees that are able to filter the air from carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide pollution. There are many other negative impacts caused by deforestation. Almost every land area that contains forest is home to about 6% of animal and plant species. There are several areas whose numbers exceed 6%.
Just imagine that when deforestation occurs, 6% of the natural habitats will have to lose their homes. The damage to the forest will definitely disturb the ecosystem because there are many animals and plants that have died due to the loss of their natural habitat. According to the journal Ecohydrology, a reduction in the amount of forest can lead to a reduction in rainfall.
Trees in the forest are also able to help prevent natural disasters, such as floods . Some of the rainforest areas that are experiencing massive deforestation are South Asia, Africa, and Amazon regions.
Solving Deforestation Problems
Humans have a great ability to think and take actions that have an impact on nature. We can’t just stand by seeing that there is a lot of deforestation and we can minimize the effects of deforestation. The step to prevent deforestation for agriculture purposes is to apply modern farming technology http://126.96.36.199. Today’s modern farmers use vertical planting, so they don’t need a large space to produce vegetables or fruits.
Who doesn’t know sea turtles? Sea turtles are cute animals. You may know sea turtles from the movie Finding Nemo. Sea turtles are indeed hundreds of years old. However, in fact sea turtles are also facing the threat of extinction due to climate change.
Current climate change has a major impact on the sea turtle population. There are several significant impacts. However, there are two things that can be highlighted because it is quite interesting to discuss. First, the habitat of sea turtles has undergone changes and requires them to adapt to sea water temperatures that are getting warmer over time due to climate change. Secondly, the beach sands that are getting warmer because of the climate change produce more female sea turtles than males. Not only that, if sea turtles lay their eggs in the beach sand that is too warm, the eggs will die. Pretty sad isn’t it?
Climate change is very influential on the population of other animals, not only turtles. Polar bear is also one of the animals that feel the direct impact of climate change. According to research, each year the polar bear population continues to decline at a significant rate. This of course is due to the decreasing number of natural habitats, that is the ice in the Arctic. It cannot be denied that climate change is causing the Arctic ice to melt more and more. Resulting in warmer temperatures and narrowing area for polar bears
Apart from animals that are directly affected by climate change, humans are also being threatened. Climate change also has an impact on humans. Floods that occur every year, whose water volume is increasing, As well as extreme weather such as heat waves with temperatures that are too high are also the effects of climate change.
Basically, it is something that is created by humans themselves. Human treatment of nature causes climate change that is happening today. If you know, mining, fossil fuel dredging, deforestation, agricultural expansion, and other activities that actually show human greed are the starting points for causing climate change.
With the condition of the earth increasingly worrisome, of course we must be prepared to face worse things that may happen in the future. Humans cause bad things to happen. Even nature has been angry because humans keep asking for more and more. Now we must focus more on improving the climate change that has occurred.
Fortunately, nowadays a lot of activists are emerge. Young activists around the world have carried out campaign campaigns as well as activities aimed at restoring nature and preventing further climate change. One of the most famous activists recently is Greta Thunberg. She is a girl from Sweden who really shows her concern for the existing victims of the climate. As a result of her courage, Greta Thunberg became a person who was recognized by people around the world.
Through Greta Thunberg’s emotional speech, it attract the sympathy of the public which led to direct demonstrations about climate change around the world.
There are many topics to talk about when we discuss waste production. When pollution becomes the main issue, we also talk about one of the biggest threats to humans. The contamination won’t only affect the health of humans but also the natural environment and resources.
Moreover, pollution has a long-term effect that is sometimes forgotten by us. A lot of people sometimes only relate to air pollution from big factories or vehicles. There are many types of waste production you should find out to make you more realize that you can make a change from your home too.
Non-biodegradable plastic is the main reason for plastic pollution. This type of plastic will stay for a hundred years and even forever! The effect is that it can harm the composition and health of the soil.
Pollution of Air
The contamination by dangerous gases and smoke particles in the air is what air pollution is. The types of chemicals are mostly sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon. There are some examples of air pollution. They are including:
- The fumes produced by the vehicles’ exhaust
- The dangerous gas or fragrance from paint spray, plastic, and other
- The coal, gas, oil that burned
- Nuclear disaster
- Garbage pollution that causes the mishandling of landfill waste
- Radiation spills
Those types of air pollution come from debris. The only cure that will show a significant impact is to plant trees! We should plant trees everywhere, as many as we can. Having more forests are better to heal the world from too much waste and pollution,
There are a lot of causes of trash pollution. The examples are such as waste discarding contractors, mishandling of solid waste from the activities of humans and humans themselves, as well as waste collectors.
The impacts of this kind of pollution are the growth of bacteria surround the habitat and also horrible odors that will be dangerous air pollution. Meanwhile, if it contaminates the water, the bacteria and the parasites won’t only affect the animals but also humans.
This type of pollution happens when the surface of the earth becomes degrading or unusable. There are two reasons for land pollution. And yes you’re right, waste is the major issue that causes this pollution.
The first reason is due to the misuse of resources. And the second reason is because of inappropriate waste disposal. Here are some examples of land pollution:
- Oil flow
- Illegitimate disposal in natural habitats
- Trash everywhere
- Nuclear disaster
- Pesticides and other chemicals used for farming
- Radiation spills
- Damage or rubbish caused by non-sustainable practices of logging
If we don’t stop the land pollution, the endangered animals we try to protect will lose their chance to survive. Our grandchildren won’t see how tigers and orangutans look.
It’s purely waste that is found on the beach include cigarette filters, nets, plastic bags, and many more. It’s threatening the sea animals as well as the marine habitat. The lack of awareness from beach visitors and also humans in general who likes littering is the main reason why it can happen.
Current pollution does not only occur in freshwater but also in air. Humans who live in environments with high levels of air pollution can experience respiratory problems that lead to death. There are lots of impurities in the air that can cause a decrease in air quality, such as chemical, biological, and small particles that are easily carried in the air.
The definition of air pollution is the presence of impurities whose amount is increased from the normal amount in the air. The existence of this impurity can be divided into two types, namely visible and invisible. Meanwhile, the examples of air pollution based on its area are divided into three types, namely local, regional, and global.
Local air pollution will affect air quality several kilometers. This air pollution can be in the form of output from industrial areas. Then the air pollution that occurs at the regional level is acid rain caused by photochemical reactions and the degradation process of polluted water. This acid rain can reach thousands of kilometers in scale. While the third is the global scale which affects the earth as a whole, such as the damage to ozone which causes global warming.
Some Causes of Air Pollution
there are many things that can cause air pollution and can affect human activities. Some of this air pollution can come from natural disasters, mountain eruptions, storms, and wildfires. All of these disasters can reduce air quality. There are a lot of air pollution caused by human for example, fossil fuel burning, industrial emissions, agricultural activities, and also waste disposal.
- Combustion of Fossil Fuel
Human activities that have an impact on reducing air quality are the combustion of fossil fuels. The combustion can be in the form of coal or derivatives from petroleum to power electricity and transportation.
- Industrial Emissions
Other activities that can cause air pollution are industrial gas emissions. There are many types of poisonous gases that factories produce, such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, various chemicals, and organic compounds into the air.
- Agricultural Activities
Agricultural activities can also cause decreased air quality, such as the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and herbicides which can release harmful chemical compounds into the air. That is why we are currently emphasizing the use of natural pesticides, fertilizers and herbicides to reduce the effects of air pollution.
- Garbage Disposal
Another thing that can cause reduced air quality is waste disposal. Whether it is organic waste or not can both reduce air quality. Because organic compounds produce methane and inorganic waste can release harmful chemical compounds into the air, especially when exposed to heat.
How to Prevent Air Pollution
Humans can prevent air pollution in the http://188.8.131.52 environment. There are many ways that we can apply to help improve air quality. You can see some of these ways as follows.
- Using Renewable Alternative Energy that is Environmentally Friendly
The most important solution we have to do is to replace fossil fuels with alternatives to energy, such as wind, solar, and geothermal. This can greatly reduce the carbon dioxide and monoxide emissions that come out of burning fossil fuels.
- Using Devices that Use Energy More Efficiently
Reducing the use of fossil fuels is very crucial in order to reduce air pollution.
We all understand that no human being can survive without water. However, many people do not appreciate the existence of clean water at all. Nearly 80% of factories do not carry out cleaning treatment on wastewater and just dump it into lakes, oceans, or rivers. Of course, the wastewater pollutes the environment and can kill the animals in that environment.
In the end, the polluted water environment will return to humans as a result. There are many people who are poisoned due to using polluted water and this actually happens every year. Currently, the amount of fresh water that can be drunk is less than 1%. This can be a serious problem and humans have to deal with it now before the population increases.
By 2050, it is estimated that the human need for drinking water will increase to a third of the current amount. In fact, some countries that are accustomed to drinking water from the tap still have the potential for contaminants in drinking water, such as lead. copper, and arsenic.
Causes of Water Pollution
There are many sources that can contaminate and can come from illegal or legal disposal of water from a factory. There is a lot of oil spills in pipelines that can disturb water reserves. Some natural disasters in the form of winds, storms, and floods can wash away a lot of garbage which has an impact on water cleanliness.
Most of the waste that is usually washed into the sea is plastic and this waste has been proven to disturb the ecosystem of marine biota as well. There are many fish, turtles, and other animals who accidentally eat the plastic waste. As a result, there are much fish that have died and at least are still alive with the presence of microplastics in their bodies.
Then, humans eat the fish containing of microplastic and this can cause fatal poisoning. Other sources of water pollution can come from roads, housing, and also agricultural fields. When the rain comes, it will wash away a lot of toxic substances from all the sources mentioned earlier. Let’s say oil and hazardous chemicals from paved roads. Then, the agricultural area will contribute to water pollution due to the use of fertilizers, herbicides, and also poisonous pesticides.
Meanwhile, many residential areas contribute to the use of chemicals for house cleaning which is discharged into drains. All the pollution of the water that takes place will end up returning to humans.
Bad Effects of Water Pollution
The first effect that will emerge from discharging polluted water into the environment is wildlife poisoning. Some agricultural waste in the form of fertilizers containing phosphorus and nitrogen can cause algae to grow out of control. As a result, these areas become dead zones for the fish that live in these waters. Because algae cause the oxygen content in the water to decrease. Meanwhile, an explosion in the number of algae can cause serious problems for humans which can cause skin irritation and itching.
This climate change that has occurred and is continuing is a reality that must be faced by our earth. WWF research shows that 33 percent of habitats on the entire surface of the Earth are threatened. Even some plants and animal species have faced extinction. Polar bears, for example, are one of the threatened species if the surface of the Arctic ocean ice continues to thaw drastically. Natural disasters such as floods, storms and drought are increasingly common. In the summer of 2002/2003, Australia experienced the worst drought ever experienced. This followed by the worst forest fires in a century.
The 2002 Semester III report from The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that “there is new and strong evidence from observations over the past fifty years that global warming is caused by human activity.” This report predicts an increase in global temperatures between 1.4 to 5.8 degrees Celsius in this century. Depending on the amount of fossil fuels we burn and the sensitivity of the climate system.
WWF, along with other environmental organizations and dadu online community, called for an initial approach to this threat. This action will limit the rise in global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius so as not to penetrate above pre-industrial levels in order to prevent more severe damage. An increase of more than 1 degree Celsius seems to have happened in our climate system. So efforts to maintain the threshold of a 2 degrees increase must be made immediately.
Climate change is a change in temperature, rainfall, wind patterns and various other effects drastically. The United Nations (UN) defines climate change as a symptom caused either directly or indirectly by human activity. This also alters the composition of the global atmosphere and natural climate variability over comparable period of time. The composition of the global atmosphere in question is the composition of the earth’s atmospheric material in the form of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) which, among others, consists of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen, and so on.
Climate change can be measured statistically through the International Panel on Climate Change. One of the frequent changes in climate is natural disasters related to the increase in earth’s temperature. One of the dangerous impacts now faced is the Greenhouse Gas effect. Green House Gases are gases in the atmosphere that have the function of capturing solar energy. So that it does not completely return to the atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases function to keep the earth’s temperature stable.
However, when the concentration of greenhouse gases increases, the atmosphere becomes thicker. This thickening of the atmospheric layer eventually causes the amount of geothermal trapped in the earth’s atmosphere to increase, resulting in an increase in global temperature or global warming.
Conversation International explains that nature is the best solution in dealing with climate change. Tropical forests are very effective for storing carbon and preventing the worst climate change scenarios. Unfortunately, nature-based solutions still only receive 2 percent of all climate funding. Conservation International also advises more than 20 countries to help forge the Paris Agreement. The first climate pact of its kind that recognizes the key role that nature must play in every climate change solution.
Cryosphere is a frozen zone on planet Earth. Examples of the cryosphere such as ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, icebergs in the ocean, glaciers in the mountains (like one in Puncak Jaya in Indonesia), snow, ice in lakes and oceans at the poles, and frozen land in the Northernmost part the Arctic region are known as permafrost. The cryosphere zone is increasingly shrinking. The thickness of the snow is wearing off, the glaciers are thawing and the frozen areas, everywhere on earth, are also being defrosted by the increased temperature.
This IPCC report shows that there is an acceleration of melting, with potential hazard to humans. Marine ecosystems and high mountains because the role of the cryosphere is crucial to the Earth’s ecosystem. Earth is vulnerable to losing in excess of 50 percent of the frozen land area when the 22nd begins. Permafrost is able to store carbon in the atmosphere almost twice as much.
The North Pole
The sea of ice decreases rapidly in the North Pole. The North Pole without ice will be a common sight in summer. The Eskimos living in the North Pole region have also begun to adapt by changing the way those people look for food, travel; even several sea line tribes have thought about relocation plans. The number of fauna populations that depend on ice are likely to decrease dramatically if there is no more ice.
Moreover, the reduced amount of water will also accelerate global warming, because clear water will more effectively reflect solar thermal. Over and above 4/5 of small glaciers will disappear when 21st century finally reaches its end in case the current conditions remain. It will impact the Earth’s population whose water source, agriculture, and energy, rely upon glaciers.
Nearly three-quarters of the earth’s surface is covered by oceans, and another 10 percent is covered by ice sheets and glaciers. If all the ice has melted, the sea level will also increase. Sea levels, globally, are now doubling faster, and continuing to increase rapidly. Through researches, researchers from various countries try to do a further research on how the icecap and the surface of the sea ‘mingle’ in the Antarctic and Greenland. Sea level is expected to rise as high as 110 cm by 2100.
Earth Climate Engine
The intensity of precipitation, hurricane, and typhoon which are controlled by the earth’s climate engine. It will contribute to raising water up to a few centimeters from normal levels. Extreme storms will occur every year starting in around 2150. Aside from funding to reduce emissions, the earth’s population must also take into account funding for the protection of beaches and ramps from tidal waves, flooding and also the possibility of future casualties. There are about 45 million Indonesians who are vulnerable because they live on the coast with heights below 10 meters.
Is this IPCC Report a mere fantasy made up by paranoid scientists? I don’t think so. This is a wake-up call or Alarm for mankind. It is time for concrete and synergic actions from individuals, industry, the private sector, the media and the government to be taken as soon as possible.
Environmental issues that occur in Indonesia are no less important than the issue of infrastructure development in Indonesia. In the midst of the haze crisis, environmental issues really need more attention from Jokowi as an Indonesia’s president. Indonesian people also hope that forest fires are not an “annual tradition” of Indonesia. Jokowi’s government has seemed to ignore the night sky in Sumatra which turned red due to forest fires that occurred in the area.
Jokowi’s government also seemed to ignore the haze that occurred in Kalimantan. And while it spreads to neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. The environmental crisis that occurred in Indonesia needs more attention from Jokowi. Cases of forest fires, drought, etc. that have occurred in various regions in Indonesia. This cannot be resolved only by hoping for direct assistance from God. These things need concrete action carried out directly by the Indonesian government.
The phenomenon of the red sky in Sumatra has shown a scale of indicators on how urgent and dangerous the case of forest fires that occurred there. Even during the day, the road was covered by haze from the forest fires. Coupled with the increase in lung and respiratory disease has become more than enough indicators.
Jokowi’s government has been focusing more on the development of the country’s infrastructure issues that aim to improve the Indonesian economy. However, this is not a reason for the Indonesian government to forget the issues that occur in Indonesia apart from political-economic issues.
As the government, Jokowi ideally should not only focus on one sector of development and forget about other sectors which are also important. Especially those that affect the safety of the Indonesian people themselves. If indeed economic development and infrastructure are very significant for Jokowi.
The environmental sector and the community’s response are not an appropriate trade-off for Indonesia. The fact that Malaysia and Singapore are not reluctant to weaken their country’s relations with Indonesia. This is a slap hard enough for the Jokowi government to start paying more attention to environmental problems that occur in Indonesia.
The impact caused by forest fires in Indonesia has had a major impact on Southeast Asian countries. Especially neighboring countries such as Singapore and Malaysia. Not only cover the areas of Sumatra and Kalimantan. However this haze generated from forest fires that occurred in the two regions also covered other countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, and other Southeast Asian countries.
Warning status in the area or even in neighboring countries had reached up to very unhealthy status. The Air Quality Index (AQI) in Malaysia was able to detect that the danger level from the smog that spread reached 256 levels. This is the highest level experienced by Malaysia in the case of forest fires that occurred in recent times. The average MMR experienced by neighboring countries reached 154-160 levels. This level has been stated in the unhealthy category.
The Indonesian people hope that this “annual tradition” of forest fires can be resolved soon. The community from Idnplay poker also demands the government to give severe penalties to the perpetrators of forest fires that occurred in Indonesia. And be more pro-active in dealing with environmental problems in Indonesia.
If you live in Jakarta, or most big cities in Java, your morning will be opened with the sound of horns and traffic jams on every road, as if everyone wants to move fast. At night, after going through a similar situation, you intend to relax on the porch of the house, drinking tea while looking at the stars. However, there was only light pollution. Exposure to hazardous pollutants such as gas emissions and road dust particles is a consequence for the community for the high number of motorized vehicles in urban areas.
To reduce the health effects caused by air pollution, Jakarta residents are advised to use respirators and masks. In large cities full of pollutants, the use of respirators and masks should ideally become a habit for daily protection.
Pollution in Jakarta
Jakarta is also a city that has a high level of light pollution. Sky glow or light emitted from lighting in cities will form a dome in the atmosphere. The dome covers the sky at night, making stars difficult to see. Fans of bola 88, Astronomy, reproduction and migration of animals can be disrupted due to this condition. In humans, light pollution results in sleep disturbance. Disruption of sleep patterns will result in decreased endurance. More complex triggers heart problems, blood system, diabetes, and obesity.
Jakarta residents are indeed familiar with air pollution. But Jakarta is not the only one who is unlucky. Some areas outside of Java, such as Pekanbaru City, Dumai City, and a number of provinces in the island of Borneo are also overshadowed by the threat of forest and land fires that cause haze that damage air quality. Air pollution is a serious problem in several countries, including Indonesia. In mid-2019, the issue of poor air quality in the country is becoming increasingly serious.
Everyone certainly agrees that air pollution is not a good condition for health. Exposure to dirty air can cause serious effects to chronic diseases in humans. WHO has even determined that air pollution contains carcinogens or cancer-causing substance. Poor air condition also contributed to 4.2 million premature deaths in the world in 2016. However, who would have thought that air pollution would not only attack humans physically but also mentally. Last September, the Environmental Health Perspective published a study showing the effects of air pollution on children’s mental states.
These mental disorders refer to dangerous actions taken by children and adolescents such as hysteria and suicide. This shows that air pollution has serious short-term effects. These mental disorders refer to dangerous actions taken by children and adolescents such as hysteria and suicidal tendency. This shows that air pollution has serious short-term effects.
Air pollution caused by construction and traffic is the main cause in this case. Research data shows that 12-year-old children exposed to intense air pollution can experience major depression at the age of 18 years. This case is compounded by socioeconomic conditions. The study found that children who live in areas with minimal resources will get more intense effects of air pollution than children who live in affluent environments. The researchers speculate that exposure to air pollution is driving changes in neurochemistry. This change causes anxiety disorders in children.
The decision of United States President Donald Trump to break out of the commitment of the Paris Agreement, which seeks to protect the environment and global temperatures through responsible industry, has come under fire from various groups, including scientists in the United States. Trump said, the historic global commitment in combating climate change do not prosper his people.
Trump’s decision was not unexpected. He has promised it during the campaign and now only realizes his words. Long before the announcement of the decision on Thursday, June 1, 2017, Trump – who once said that climate change was a “hoax”, had taken a series of actions to reverse the policies on climate change outlined by his predecessor, former president Barack Obama.
Countries in Africa and Asia, including Indonesia, could be threatened due to global warming. The effect of global warming can have an impact on the sinking of small islands. Not to mention the case of arson or forest fire. Climate change disrupts health and other sectors of people’s lives, both domestically and globally.
That’s why the war on global warming must be done collectively. Various efforts such as policies to prevent deforestation continue to be carried out by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in collaboration with indigenous and tribal peoples, non-governmental organizations, and various international institutions to reduce the impact of climate change.
This climate change has a direct impact on air cleanliness, drinking water, access to clean water, food sufficiency, and a safe environment from disasters. Global warming is believed to change the way of human life in the coming decades. Climate change due to global warming will make the weather uncertain and it certainly has a serious impact on global agriculture. Farmers can no longer work on land based on the season because of the unpredictable climate.
Food stock will be chaotic and hunger is very likely to occur. From an economic perspective, the costs of maintaining health related to the environment will certainly swell. Countries will bear the burden of global health spending due to climate change diseases of 2-4 billion dollars per year until 2030.
Global warming and climate change are not always bad, indeed. It is true that in some places, winters are shorter, and in some areas, food production is increasing. But the adverse health effects of climate change cannot be ignored. The hot air that has invaded Africa and Europe over the past decade is the most gruesome proof of global warming. In 2003, 70,000 deaths from heat waves were recorded in Europe.
High temperatures increase the level of ozone and other pollutants in the air. The impact is felt by those who have respiratory illnesses. Those who are healthy have the potential to become new patients if there is no action. Hot temperatures will trigger asthma, which is currently owned by more than 300 million people in the world.
There are mainly two factors of environmental damage. First, it is caused by the human including the deforestation, hunting, and more. Second, natural damage can also be caused by nature. It is considered that there is no intervention from the human and https://agenpoker899.com/ there although in some cases, there are indeed some actions of the human that indirectly cause the damage.
Anyway, what are the examples of environmental damage that is simply caused by nature? Here they are along with the explanations.
The volcanic eruption refers to the release of magma deposits as the results of the high-pressure gas pushing. The results of the eruption are lava, mudflow, volcanic gas, ash, and hot clouds.
There are some forms of environmental damage caused by the volcanic eruption. First, the solid materials thrown like the rocks, gravel, and sand are able to damage and bury the land, forest, plantation, and water sources.
Second, the ashes cause the respiratory and insight problems. This way, the human’s productivity tends to be hampered. Third, the mudflow tends to damage the area it passes including the forest and residences. Lastly, the poisonous gas threatens the human, animals, and plants around.
Earthquake is a natural disaster as the further impact of the volcano impact or it caused by other factors like the shifting of the earth’s plate, known as the tectonic earthquake.
Some of the natural damaged caused by this disaster are the building collapses, the changes of land structure, the loss or the shifting of the clean water source, air pollution, and still many more.
Flood and Landslide
Flood is a phenomenon where the land is excessively submerged by water. In many cases, the flood is then followed by the landslide. Landslide itself is defined as the shifting or the movement of the rocks and the big areas of the land.
Sure, both disasters give further impacts including for the environment. They damage the building and any other types of the infrastructure. Meanwhile, the flood and landslide tend to contaminate the clean water and kill the plants and animals.
The storm has many types. But whatever the type, as long as the scale is big, this disaster tends to bring the natural damage. Due to the difference of the air pressure, some environmental damages can just simply happen.
Some of them are the collapses of the building and trees, the damages of the farming and plantation, and the damages of the ecosystem in both land and water.
The number of trees on this earth is getting fewer for human necessities. This phenomenon is known also as the deforestation, the opposite of reforestation. There are surely so many side effects caused by the deforestations starting from the air pollution to the extinction of some animal species.
Sure, it is still not late to bring back the trees as well as to make the forests as green as in the past. One of them is through reforestation. So, what is reforestation and how to do it? Here is the explanation.
The Definition of Reforestation
Reforestation is an action of bringing back the forest that has been deforested before. As an example, there is a forest area that has lost many trees. Then, people who likes green may start to grow some new trees as well as keep the old ones so that they can be green just like in the past.
Sure, the reforestation process must also consider some matters including the functions of the forest itself. As you may know, the forest should also function as the providers of the clean air, soil, and water as well as the protectors for the animals.
The Benefits of Reforestation
In general, the reforestation is done to bring back the balance of nature. The groups of trees are able to keep the balance of the water system underground. At the same time, it avoids some problems and disasters like the flood and landslide.
Seeing from the climatology wise, the reforestation is also important to reduce and even stop the pollution and global warming. The pollution and global warming are mainly caused by high levels of carbon dioxide. This way, the amount of oxygen tends to be reduced. Meanwhile, the trees are the materials that naturally produce the oxygen.
Sure, despite some benefits above, the presence of trees and forest also make the environment look more beautiful and refreshing. People themselves are suggested to see the green from leaves and trees to make their mind more relaxed.
The Barriers to Reforestation
Unfortunately, the intention to reforest the earth is often blocked by some barriers. Well, even the main barrier is the human’s unconsciousness regarding how important the forest is.
It is not exaggerating anyway that the integration of all parties is important to bring back the green forest and keep it that way later. Despite it needs the regulation from the government, supports from all realms of the society are needed for the action of reforestation.
Currently, WHO reports that around 90% of people on the earth breathe in the air with high levels of pollutants? This health organization of the United Nations even warns that air pollution can gradually cause problems including stroke and lung cancer and at the end, they end up with the death.
The air pollution itself is a condition where the air is polluted by the dangerous chemical or biological substances and particles. The pollution tends to give negative effects not only for human but also the environment. Sadly, this condition is also commonly caused by the human itself starting from the fuel, industry, power plant, and more.
Although this pollution can be said as something common in our daily life like playing online at situs judi online, it doesn’t mean that we cannot do anything. There are still many chances to reduce or even stop it before air pollution is getting worse. What are they?
Rearrange the Regulation
Sure, this effort must be done by the government along with the full support from the society. If it is possible, there must be severe punishment for them who don’t obey the regulation.
Reduce the Fossil Fuels Utilization
The fossil fuels utilization must be reduced for two main reasons. First, those are included in the category of non-renewable resources. Only a few decades later, those fossils are possibly extinct. Second, the fuels have a high contribution in polluting the environment including the air.
Process the Residue before Disposing of Them
The problem is that the residue from the fuels and industries is not processed well before they are disposing to the air and ocean. That’s why; it is important for the businessman and entrepreneur to develop a new technology that is able to process the residue of the industry into more environmentally friendly materials.
Preserve the Forest
Forests all around the world play many important roles to reduce air pollution. Unfortunately, many hectares of the forests on the earth have been deforested whether for human residences or they are just simply burnt. For this fact, people must start to do the forestation and simply plant the trees around.
Throw garbage in its place
It sounds easy but people may not do it. Well, reducing the air pollution can be started from something simple like throwing garbage in its place. Some types of garbage, like the plastic, contain the chemical substances that somehow damage the soil if they are just spreading around. Gradually, the garbage on the soil can pollute the air also.
Deforestation is one of the many environmental issues the world is facing. You might not know it, but deforestation has its own bad effects. Sure it got a positive effect, but the positive effects often benefit only a single individual or a single company. The bad effects are far-reaching and will affect lots of living beings in the world. What are the bad effects of deforestation?
The lost of an animal’s natural habitat
A forest is a place where animals live. Lots of them see the forest as their sanctuary, a place they can call home. The forest is where the animals sleep, hunt, mate, and do other animal things. There is no worse way of robbing animals of their homes than deforestation.
Now you might think that they are just animals. Humans should not be too bothered by animals losing their house, right?, just like when human lose their house from playing more than they can afford at situs judi poker. If you think that way, then I suggest you start reading about how the presence of animals is important for humanity; if you do not have the heart to see animals as a living being, at least see them as something that can be useful for you.
It can lead to an extinction of a species
If you cut a tree in a forest, the animals would not be too bothered by it. Cut a whole lot of trees from the forest, however, and the animals will start to get suspicious. Cut the WHOLE forest down and you are just inviting the animals to strike at you. When animals strike, the only choice is to strike back. Sure it would not be too problematic if the animals that strike you are animals that multiply like crazy (rats, mosquitoes), but what if the animal that strikes is an animal on the border of extinction? Deforestation can lead to a possible war with the animals, and a war with the animals can lead to an extinction of a species. Even if they are not extinct, there will be a significant reduction in their numbers, which is a bad thing, too.
Lastly, it entices greed
This is a pretty indirect thing, but deforestation can entice greed in the human’s mind. Take for example you are a budding cattle rancher who just earned his first million by deforestation and turning the ex-forest into a ranch. Because of that, you want to keep deforesting, lying to yourself that one more forest would not hurt. Sooner or later, your compassion will be eroded by greed. That is, obviously, something that you should not get if you want the world to change for the better.
Some of you do not know this, but climate change has been one of the most talked of from the many environmental issues the world is facing. What is climate change? Why and what makes it so dangerous? What can cause climate to change? Is climate something that is easily changeable? If those questions are the questions that you have been asking, then this article will be the right read for you.
Climate change: a brief description
Say that you are an Indonesian lounging around Jakarta, other big cities, or the countryside. When you are doing your stuff, there is a sudden snowfall. While doubtless Indonesians will love snow if they are given the opportunity to see it, they will not be ready for a long-term snowfall. The reason for this is because Indonesians are not wont to see snow. Their bodies have adapted to the tropical climate, having tasted the heat and the rain for more than a millennia. Introduce snow and guess what will happen? Many Indonesians will fall because they are not used to snow. They will not know the way to handle snow, more so if there is a blizzard or an icy hale. Heck, even Indonesians are afraid of a phenomenon called an ‘ice rain’ when it came(it is basically just another rain. Instead of water, however, the sky will rain small ice pieces).
Still in the same case, what if you introduce heat haze to the people at the North Pole? Not only that the people will vanish because of the climate change, the faunas and the floras (not that the North Pole got lots of floras to begin with) will also disappear with them. This is certainly a bad thing to have, no?
What can cause climate change?
There are a whole lot of causes for climate change, but the cause with the most effect is the greenhouse gasses. A greenhouse gasses itself is a phenomenon that is somewhat hard to explain. The only thing that can be said about greenhouse gasses is that they are caused by industries who have not complied with the latest wide-affecting industrial policies and people who still use old vehicles. The latest vehicles might be outfitted with an environmental-preserving kit in them, but the same cannot be said about the old vehicles. You know the vehicles that spout black smoke from their exhaust? That is the definite cause of climate change.
How can you help with climate change?
There are lots of things that can help with climate change, but most of them are usually not easy to do because they require a lot of money. You, as an individual, can opt out of buying your own personal vehicle and go with a public transportation. While it is a tiny step, it still a step nonetheless.