Urban Sprawl has indeed become a common thing today. The government expanded the city for the purpose of community welfare, such as residential development, industrial expansion, road development, and various other purposes. However, the expansion of urban areas does not always provide benefits https://220.127.116.11, because there are so many forestry areas that can worsen the environment.
Definition of Urban Sprawl
The term urban sprawl is also called suburban sprawl, which is a geographic extension to the city. The reason for expanding the city is to be able to accommodate population development so that it can achieve low-density residential housing and allow the use of private vehicles for transportation.
Activities to expand metropolitan areas usually have the effect of increasing energy use, increasing pollution, and destroying natural habitats of animals and plants. Certainly all of these activities can cause environmental problems that impact future generations living in the city.
Characteristics of the Urban Sprawl
This large suburban sprawl phenomenon has several characteristics that cause it to be included in its category. Some of the characteristics of the sprawl:
- Low density residential
The purpose of expanding an urban area is aimed at reducing the level of population density in an urban location. There is hope that in the future each family will own a house instead of living in an apartment. The population density can be calculated based on the number of dwellings in one neighborhood.
- Increasing the number of use of private vehicles
A large urban area allows a distance from one place to another, so that the citizen will use a vehicle to travel anywhere. In fact, they will use private vehicles as well only to go to nearby places.
- There is an increase in growth outside the urban centers
Another characteristic of sprawl is the tendency of the community to develop areas outside the urban area. For example, in the concept of building a house. You certainly understand that land prices in urban areas are expensive. The average person will deliberately go to urban areas just to go work and saving money.
Then, they will buy land that lays outside the city, because the price is much cheaper than land in urban areas. This is really happening and there are real examples in society such as US.
Nearly 80% of residential development, areas occur outside urban areas. Most of the land used for construction also has an area of more than 1 acre. There are some lands that can be larger than 1 acre.
- Increased construction of roads and those associated with roads
The road construction will extend from the urban center to the outer cities. Most of the roadside areas have many commercial routes, such as supermarkets and fast food. Community residential areas will be located on the outskirts of the road instead of the main road to make it safer and less noisy due to vehicle traffic. The more road construction increases and more parking lots are built as well.
Negative Impacts of Urban Sprawl
The first devastating impact of sprawling is destroying natural habitats, causing many animals and plants died in that area. It is not surprising that more and more animals and plants are becoming rare due to forest clearing for urban expansion areas. The second bad impact is the increasing amount of pollution in the air.
Making urban areas will inevitably destroy lots of trees and other plants. That means that fewer trees and plants can produce oxygen from carbon dioxide in the air.