Increasing the population and market demand for a product makes deforestation more intense lately. The term deforestation is a process of cutting down trees that are intended to create space that is beneficial to humans. For example, agricultural land, industrial areas, residential areas, and so on.
Decreasing the World Wildlife Fund, forests used to cover up to 30% of the land surface. The forest area can be an area that provides people with jobs, such as collecting wood, looking for fruit and vegetables, hunting for animals, and so on. Forests are also a home for many animals, so deforestation can make many animals lose their homes.
The Reason Why Human Destroy Forest
There are many reasons why humans deforest. According to The World Bank, estimates of reducing the number of forests have been rampant since the early 20th century and there have been around 3.9 million square miles of forest destroyed. Areas of large-scale deforestation occur all over the world that have forests. So it’s not just tropical countries that do deforestation.
Humans destroy forests in order to make agriculture. Whereas forests usually have 80% diversity of flora and fauna, including microbes. Another goal of deforestation is the expansion of urban areas which the government hopes to reduce population density. Deforestation can also occur as a result of human desire to develop industrial areas whose territory must be far from residential areas.
Bad Effects of Deforestation
There are several bad effects of deforestation that you must understand. Not only in the form of fewer trees that are able to filter the air from carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide pollution. There are many other negative impacts caused by deforestation. Almost every land area that contains forest is home to about 6% of animal and plant species. There are several areas whose numbers exceed 6%.
Just imagine that when deforestation occurs, 6% of the natural habitats will have to lose their homes. The damage to the forest will definitely disturb the ecosystem because there are many animals and plants that have died due to the loss of their natural habitat. According to the journal Ecohydrology, a reduction in the amount of forest can lead to a reduction in rainfall.
Trees in the forest are also able to help prevent natural disasters, such as floods . Some of the rainforest areas that are experiencing massive deforestation are South Asia, Africa, and Amazon regions.
Solving Deforestation Problems
Humans have a great ability to think and take actions that have an impact on nature. We can’t just stand by seeing that there is a lot of deforestation and we can minimize the effects of deforestation. The step to prevent deforestation for agriculture purposes is to apply modern farming technology http://126.96.36.199. Today’s modern farmers use vertical planting, so they don’t need a large space to produce vegetables or fruits.