Lower levels of the ozone can cause ozone depletion. When it happens, the surface of the Earth won’t have enough immunity from the sun’s rays as well as UVB radiation exposure. Some researchers proved that the amount of UVB in the Antarctic calculated from the outside can enlarge during the yearly hole of ozone.
The Effects on Health of Humans
The increasing of the quantity of UVB is due to the ozone layer depletion that gets to the surface of the Earth. The studies of epidemiological and laboratory showed the impacts of UVB. The bad effects to humans’ health are such as non-melanoma skin cancer and the development of malignant melanoma. Besides the effect to the skin, UVB can affect to the lens of the eyes that causes cataracts.
Since the UVB found in sunlight, it is a must to protect your eyes and skin when you are outside even though the levels of stratospheric is normal. Apply sunscreen every time you do your activities outside or do sport activities.
The Effects on Biogeochemical Cycles
Next, the ozone layer depletion can affect the cycles of aquatic and terrestrial biogeochemical that changing the crucial gases (ozone, carbon dioxide, carbonyl sulfide, and carbon monoxide) as well as the greenhouse’s root and basin.
The Effects on Sea Ecosystems
The foundation of food webs in the sea is because of the phytoplankton. The productivity of this creature is tight to the zone of euphotic. This zone is the water column’s higher coating where there is enough sunbeam. The net productivity will increase because of that sunbeam.
The motility and orientation in phytoplankton affected by the disclosure to the radiation of solar UVB. The result is the decreasing organisms’ survival rates. A lot of researchers showed that the production of phytoplankton decreased because of the ozone depletion.
Talking about the sea animals include crab, fish, amphibians, and shrimp, the UVB radiation can bring harmful to their beginning developmental phases. There are two most serious impacts: the damage larval growth and degraded reproductive size.
The Effects on Plants
The processes to make plants grow can be affected by the UVB radiation either developmentally or physiologically. The rising levels of UVB can be from the mechanisms to repair or reduce as well as the capability to adjust. Even so, the UVB radiation can straightly affect the growth of the plant.
The UVB effect related to indirect changes usually more crucial than UVB harmful effects. The examples of indirect changes include the distribution of nutrients inside the plant, the change form of the plant, secondary metabolism, and the timing phases of development. The cycles of biogeochemical cycles, herbivory, competitive stability of plant, and herbivory can be affected significantly because of these changes.