If you live in Jakarta, or most big cities in Java, your morning will be opened with the sound of horns and traffic jams on every road, as if everyone wants to move fast. At night, after going through a similar situation, you intend to relax on the porch of the house, drinking tea while looking at the stars. However, there was only light pollution. Exposure to hazardous pollutants such as gas emissions and road dust particles is a consequence for the community for the high number of motorized vehicles in urban areas.
To reduce the health effects caused by air pollution, Jakarta residents are advised to use respirators and masks. In large cities full of pollutants, the use of respirators and masks should ideally become a habit for daily protection.
Pollution in Jakarta
Jakarta is also a city that has a high level of light pollution. Sky glow or light emitted from lighting in cities will form a dome in the atmosphere. The dome covers the sky at night, making stars difficult to see. Fans of bola 88, Astronomy, reproduction and migration of animals can be disrupted due to this condition. In humans, light pollution results in sleep disturbance. Disruption of sleep patterns will result in decreased endurance. More complex triggers heart problems, blood system, diabetes, and obesity.
Jakarta residents are indeed familiar with air pollution. But Jakarta is not the only one who is unlucky. Some areas outside of Java, such as Pekanbaru City, Dumai City, and a number of provinces in the island of Borneo are also overshadowed by the threat of forest and land fires that cause haze that damage air quality. Air pollution is a serious problem in several countries, including Indonesia. In mid-2019, the issue of poor air quality in the country is becoming increasingly serious.
Everyone certainly agrees that air pollution is not a good condition for health. Exposure to dirty air can cause serious effects to chronic diseases in humans. WHO has even determined that air pollution contains carcinogens or cancer-causing substance. Poor air condition also contributed to 4.2 million premature deaths in the world in 2016. However, who would have thought that air pollution would not only attack humans physically but also mentally. Last September, the Environmental Health Perspective published a study showing the effects of air pollution on children’s mental states.
These mental disorders refer to dangerous actions taken by children and adolescents such as hysteria and suicide. This shows that air pollution has serious short-term effects. These mental disorders refer to dangerous actions taken by children and adolescents such as hysteria and suicidal tendency. This shows that air pollution has serious short-term effects.
Air pollution caused by construction and traffic is the main cause in this case. Research data shows that 12-year-old children exposed to intense air pollution can experience major depression at the age of 18 years. This case is compounded by socioeconomic conditions. The study found that children who live in areas with minimal resources will get more intense effects of air pollution than children who live in affluent environments. The researchers speculate that exposure to air pollution is driving changes in neurochemistry. This change causes anxiety disorders in children.