This climate change that has occurred and is continuing is a reality that must be faced by our earth. WWF research shows that 33 percent of habitats on the entire surface of the Earth are threatened. Even some plants and animal species have faced extinction. Polar bears, for example, are one of the threatened species if the surface of the Arctic ocean ice continues to thaw drastically. Natural disasters such as floods, storms and drought are increasingly common. In the summer of 2002/2003, Australia experienced the worst drought ever experienced. This followed by the worst forest fires in a century.
The 2002 Semester III report from The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that “there is new and strong evidence from observations over the past fifty years that global warming is caused by human activity.” This report predicts an increase in global temperatures between 1.4 to 5.8 degrees Celsius in this century. Depending on the amount of fossil fuels we burn and the sensitivity of the climate system.
WWF, along with other environmental organizations and dadu online community, called for an initial approach to this threat. This action will limit the rise in global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius so as not to penetrate above pre-industrial levels in order to prevent more severe damage. An increase of more than 1 degree Celsius seems to have happened in our climate system. So efforts to maintain the threshold of a 2 degrees increase must be made immediately.
Climate change is a change in temperature, rainfall, wind patterns and various other effects drastically. The United Nations (UN) defines climate change as a symptom caused either directly or indirectly by human activity. This also alters the composition of the global atmosphere and natural climate variability over comparable period of time. The composition of the global atmosphere in question is the composition of the earth’s atmospheric material in the form of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) which, among others, consists of Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen, and so on.
Climate change can be measured statistically through the International Panel on Climate Change. One of the frequent changes in climate is natural disasters related to the increase in earth’s temperature. One of the dangerous impacts now faced is the Greenhouse Gas effect. Green House Gases are gases in the atmosphere that have the function of capturing solar energy. So that it does not completely return to the atmosphere. Greenhouse Gases function to keep the earth’s temperature stable.
However, when the concentration of greenhouse gases increases, the atmosphere becomes thicker. This thickening of the atmospheric layer eventually causes the amount of geothermal trapped in the earth’s atmosphere to increase, resulting in an increase in global temperature or global warming.
Conversation International explains that nature is the best solution in dealing with climate change. Tropical forests are very effective for storing carbon and preventing the worst climate change scenarios. Unfortunately, nature-based solutions still only receive 2 percent of all climate funding. Conservation International also advises more than 20 countries to help forge the Paris Agreement. The first climate pact of its kind that recognizes the key role that nature must play in every climate change solution.